Ghert-Zand, R. (2012). How ‘Hava Nagila’ Became a Global Hit. Retrieved from: http://forward.com/articles/159148/how-hava-nagila-became-a-global-hit/?p=all
Loeffler, J. (2010). Hava Nagila’s Long, Strange Trip. Retrieved from: http://www.myjewishlearning.com/culture/2/Music/Israeli_Music/Folk_Music/Hava_Nagila.shtml?p=1
This is one of hundreds of the world’s popular songs, which has its importance expressed by the statement “It turned out that ‘Hava Nagila’ is an amazing portal to 150 years of Jewish history, culture, and spirituality” (Groosman, cited in Ghert-Zand, 2012).
So What makes Hava Nagila such a popular song? When listening to this song, it is easy to find other cultures’ and traditions’ melodies. These melodies were amalgamated into Jewish culture by Idelsohn who was a musician and lived in Russia, Berlin and Leipzig before settling in Jerusalem after 1905. He was seeking to collect and preserve the folk music of various Jewish communities from around the world, by using a phonograph to record the traditional melodies of Yemenite, Russian, German, Moroccan Jewish and those of other countries. Hereby, he encountered these melodies in Jerusalem. Moreover, he pioneered a new style of modern national music in Palestine, and organised and composed many new Hebrew-language songs based on traditional melodies. Thus, these modern songs with ancient origins rapidly became popular as Hebrew folk songs, and one of them is Hava Nagila.
Although Hava Nagila is a favorite song at weddings, bar and even non-Jewish culture events around the world, in 1918, after the British army had defeated the Turks in Palestine, it was selected as the tune for a celebration concert performance in Jerusalem. Moreover, arranging the melody in four melodical parts, there were added a Hebrew text derived from the Psalms by Idelsohn:
Hava nagila, hava nagila                           Let us rejoice, let us rejoice
Hava nagila ve-nismeha                             Let us rejoice and be glad
Hava neranena, hava neranena                 Let us sing, let us sing
Hava neranena ve-nismeha                        Let us sing and be glad
Uru, uru ahim                                            Awake, awake brothers
Uru ahim be-lev sameah                            Awake brothers with a joyful heart
The words echo the biblical verse: “This is the day that God has made. We will rejoice and be glad in it” – “Ze ha-yom asah adonai, nagila ve-nismeha bo” (Psalms 118:24) (Loeffler, 2010).
Hereby, the song clearly makes one understand the portal of Jewish history, culture and spirituality, and its amazingness, despite it seeming to only be a a music which is used at Jewish weddings, and celebrations. Moreover, since the melodies of the song were inspired from many cultures, it has become a popular song around the world. Thus, it is hard to understand that this song belongs to the Jewish people.



The Lost Shul Mural

This is a most popular mural in Judaism which was painted in 1910 by a Lithuanian Jewish immigrant artist Ben Zion Black for the East European Orthodox Chai Adam congregation in Burlington, Vermont. The mural depicts the Ten Commandments which are guarded by two lions, floating above is a wonderful golden crown which symbolizes God, sunlight permeates the painting, and the work is framed by architectural elements and elaborate curtains.

The significant thing is that the mural really reminds Jewish people who they are, especially for immigrant Jews in Switzerland. Since, it is like a gift from the past that adds color, vitality, and the immediacy of piety. The mural is a survival, not only an art for the Jewish people. Due to this, it makes a priceless contribution to the larger legacy of Jewish culture that was largely destroyed in the Holocaust. Also, the same mural is painted other synagogues so that it continues presence

Briefly, this is most significant mural which takes place in many synagogues. The significance of the mural is not only from religious side, also it includes Jewish culture.



The video is about one of the worships of the Jewish people which is the Shabbat. Shabbat is the weekly worship that is celebrated every week from sundown on Friday to nightfall of Saturday. The video greatly explains what is the Shabbat and why/how it is celebrated every Friday.

In Hebrew, Shabbat means “resting”. According to Jewish belief and as is recounted in the beginning of the Book of Genesis, God created the world in six days and on the seventh day He refrained from creating. The first Shabbat was celebrated in the Garden of Eden by Adam and Eve

The purpose of the video is to show step by step how Jews celebrate the Shabbat with samples from real-life. According to the video, all family members have a responsibility to do during Shabbat. For example; in Friday afternoon with the lighting of candles by women and girls, men come home with a bunch of flowers and do all the prayers.

Briefly, this video has very beneficial parts that show Jewish religious life, and is clearly explained. Shabbat is a time to regroup and party, to eat and rejoice, to spend time with family and friends, to study and share thing that indulge and pamper their spiritual side. Moreover, It should be noted that the video may arouse the interests of non-Jewish people as the comments of the video show positively in this way. The reason for this could be that the video can be made real-life.


Loeffler, J. (May, 2014). The Death of Jewish Culture. Mosaic Magazine. Retrieved from: http://mosaicmagazine.com/essay/2014/05/the-death-of-jewish-culture/
The article covers the death of the Jewish culture in America. Even though not so long ago, Jewish culture seemed to flourish in America. The loss of culture is concerned by Jewish people and others alike, and the author sought to how the Jewish culture has been turned the opposite when it seemed to flourish in America.
The author supports that starting to look back at the history of Jewish culture might be useful to clearly understand how all signs pointed in the negative way even, Jewish culture seemed to flourish. In this way, the author covers the topic in four issues which are: Shofar to Clarinet, the flowering of Jewish culture, Jewish culture comes to America, and What’s missing today.
To sum up, it is useful to read this article not only to gain knowledge about Jewish culture, but also its history. Since the article includes historic information, it is beneficial to read. Thus, the reader gets more information about Jewish culture.


Forums are effective areas of discussion on the Internet. It is easy to find out discussion forms about anything. However, it should be considered that the discussion forms should be used actively. For Judaism, the Hebrew Café is a Jewish Forum which is based on Judaism. The forum was opened in 2002, and is actively using by nearly 350 members.
When analyzing the forum, it is easy to find any information about Judaism. Also, members may share their knowledge to each other. On the other hand, the ‘World Religion’ forum does not contain sufficient discussion, because many members may be Jewish and be a supporter of biased and pro-Jewish idologies. It could be easily understood by looking at the overall content of the forum, and discussions.  In discussion, Jewish people act so brutal and scornful to non-Jewish people.
Also, most of the discussion of inter-religious is between Judaism and Christianity. Because of the most Christian people is wondering what is the Judaism and want to learn difference between Judaism and Christianity.


The Jewish Museum of Australia was establish in 1982 and was located in the synagogue of the Melbourne Hebrew Congregation, South Yarra, for thirteen years. In 1992 the Jewish Museum of Australia purchased a building in Alma Road, St Kilda, and on 20 August 1995 the Jewish Museum of Australia was officially opened by the then Governor General Bill Hayden.
The purpose of the museum is to engage people with Jewish culture. Hereby, a community would embrace and respect cultural variety and difference in which Jews feel proud of, feel connected and knowledgeable about their heritage and may confidently represent their identities in a contemporary Australian context, and in which Jewish culture is accepted and appreciated by the wider Australian community.
The collection of the Jewish Museum of Australia consists of over 20000 objects and stories which tell the continuum of Jewish life and what it means to be Jewish in Australia. Most of the objects have come from people’s own life experiences or those of their forbearers.
Archives and Sub-collections:
– HMT Dunera and Internment collection
– The Jews in Shanghai prior to and during World War II collection
– Personal family archives documenting life in Europe and the migration and settlement processes
– Kalman Katz Coin Collection
– The Archives of Rabbi J L Gurewicz
– Schmatte Business Collection – Jews in the garment trade
– Photographs and records of Jewish life in regional Victoria in the 19th century
– Charles Aisen Sculpture Collection
Moreover, the museum claims that it has some strategic goals, since it has a significant and accessible collection of objects and stories that represents the width of Jewish culture and Australian Jewish life. Additionally, it has creative and stimulating exhibitions and programs. This is the most effective on Jewish people, since they educate and engage them intellectually, emotionally and spiritually. These exhibitions may follow via facebook, twitter, and instagram, so it can be understood what kind of activities exactly they do.Image